Frequently-Asked Questions

General

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Design

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Fabric Qualities

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Purchase

 

WOVNS has recently added new design tools and features to our editor, making it even easier to create your own woven textiles. Please visit the WOVNS editor under the Create tab, to explore its new features.

 

Artwork

What kind of images, artwork or designs am I allowed to weave with WOVNS?

  • The images, artwork and / or design that you use should be your own.
  • If you have created an artwork / design on paper or canvas, you will need to scan or photograph the image before finalizing it in a design software of your choice or via the WOVNS editor.
  • If you have created a design on the computer, you can submit such a file.
  • Your design file must use a WOVNS color palette.

 

File Formats

What kind of file formats does WOVNS accept?

  • Currently, WOVNS accepts files uploaded in PNG and JPEG file format.
  • If you have vector based artwork, such as an Illustrator file, please visit out Tutorials page to learn how to export your .AI file as a PNG or JPEG.
  • Required for all files submitted through WOVNS:
    • File Format: PNG or JPEG
    • Color Space: sRGB for design file development; remove color space prior to uploading (should you choose to color your design with a WOVNS color palette prior to uploading, creating your file with the, sRGB color space, will ensure that you are viewing colors with the greatest amount of accuracy. Prior to uploading, however, you should remove the sRGB color profile from your file to ensure that your colors are persevered when going though the upload process. If you have questions about this, please e -mails us)
    • Color Mode: RGB or Indexed
    • Colors: You must use colors from a single WOVNS color palette

 

File Size

What size files do you accept?

  • The WOVNS uploader will accept files of any dimension; if your design is not uploaded at the standard pixel dimensions for one of WOVNS qualities, the uploader will scale your design to fit your selected quality.
  • To plan your design at a specific scale, you will want to create your design with consideration of the standard pixel dimensions of your chosen quality (see following 2 questions).
  • WOVNS accepts design files up to 10 yards high through the WOVNS uploader. If your design file is under 10 yards, you can specify how many woven yards of your design that you would like to purchase through the uploader.
  • For design files and / or orders over 10 yards, the file will need to be e-mailed to us directly at design@wovns.com.

What are the standard pixel dimensions for a 1 yard high design file?

  • The standard dimensions are fabric quality dependent:
  • For the Divan quality, the standard pixel dimensions for a 1 yard high file are 2400 pixels wide by 6372 pixels high. This equates to 13.5 inches of fabric width (repeated 4 times across  54 inch wide woven goods) and 36 inches of fabric height (repeated for each yard of fabric ordered).
  • For the Talma quality, the standard pixel dimensions for a 1 yard high file are 3984 pixels wide by 3000 pixels high. This equates to approximately 47 inches of fabric width (full width of the woven goods) and 36 inches of fabric height (repeated for each yard of fabric ordered).

My design is of a custom height. Is weaving a design that is shorter or longer than 1 yard high possible? How do I submit such a file?

  • Yes. There is technically no constraint with regard to how short or how high your design file can be.
  • The height of your file does not need to be specified in whole yard increments, but please be aware that users can only order yardage in whole yard increments. Your design file will be repeated out to the nearest whole yard, and per the yardage quantity ordered in the WOVNS uploader, prior to processing.
  • The maximum pixel width of your design file, will always be 2400 pixels wide for the Divan quality and 3984 pixels wide for the Talma quality. If you upload a file that is not 2400 or 3984 pixels wide, it will be repeated out or scaled accordingly.
  • You can now submit files up to 10 yards high via the WOVNS uploader. Files longer than 10 yards high must be e – mailed directly to design@wovns.com.
  • For files over 10 yards high, your order can be processed by remitting payment via PayPal (instead of through the WOVNS site) to cmolnar@wovns.com. When you e – mail us your file, please include your shipping address. We will then confirm the shipping charges to apply to your total yardage costs before remitting payment.
  • Files e-mailed to us must still use a WOVNS color palette.

My design is of a custom height. How do I calculate the required pixel dimensions of my file so as to receive the correct amount of yardage?

  • The pixel dimensions of your file are quality dependent.
  • For files with custom heights (longer than 1 yard) , the maximum pixel width will always be 2400 pixels for the Divan quality and 3984 pixels for the Talma quality.
  • Divan quality: To calculate the correct pixel height for your custom file, multiply 177 (dpi) X the height (in inches) of your file. For example, a 3 yard high file (108 inches) would have a pixel height of 19116, as 177 x 108 = 19116. The final pixel dimensions of such a file would be 2400 pixels wide by 19116 pixels high. This calculation applies to designs of any height.
  • Talma quality: For the Talma quality, WOVNS rounds the pixel height to the nearest 1000th pixel / per yard. To calculate the correct pixel height for your custom file, multiply 3000 (1 yard of Talma) X the height (in yards) of your file. For example, a 3 yard high file would have a pixel height of 9000, as 3 yards x 3000 pixels = 9000 pixels. The final pixel dimensions of such a file would be 3984 pixels wide by 9000 pixels high.
  • Talma quality (under or over a whole yard increment): If your design is not created in a whole yard increment, .5 yards (18″) , for example, multiply 84 (dpi) X the height (in inches) of your file. For example, a . 5 yard high file (18 inches) would have a pixel height of 1,512, as 84 x 18 = 1,512.
  • *Please note, for Divan and Talma quality files under or over a whole yard increment, the uploader will repeat out your design to the nearest whole yard. As mentioned above, for the Talma quality, whole yards are rounded to the nearest 1000th pixel. If you would like for your design to nest evenly into a whole yard, we recommend rounding the pixel height to fit without cutting off your design: For example, an 18″ high design file (1512 pixels) should be rounded to 1500 pixels, so as to fit evenly into the 3000 pixel height per yard specification. If you have questions about this, please contact us.

 

Scale

How do I confirm that my design / motifs will weave at my desired scale?

  • In the world of weaving, resolution is often expressed as ends per inch and picks per inch (EPI and PPI), that is, every pixel in your graphic file represents the intersection of one warp (“end” or vertical thread) and one weft (“pick” or horizontal thread).
  • The resolution of WOVNS fabric qualities does not change. That is, the Divan quality weaves at 177 EPI x 84 PPI; the Talma quality weaves at 84 EPI x 84 PPI.
  • When creating your design, you will need 177 pixels for every inch of your final woven dimension using the Divan quality and 84 pixels for every inch of your final woven dimension using the Talma quality.
  • For example, using the Divan quality, if you’d like a motif in your fabric to weave at 6.75″ by 6.75″, you’ll want to prepare your artwork so that it measures at 1195 by 1195 pixels, since 6.75 inches x 177 pixels = 1195. You can use this formula to size any image––just multiply the woven width and height in inches by 177 pixels for Divan and 84 pixels for Talma.
  • Should you choose to test print your design on paper to review the anticipated woven scale, make sure that your resolution is set to your fabric quality of choice––Divan: 177 dpi; Talma: 84 dpi.

 

Translation
Unlike digital printing, weaving integrates a design into the very construction of your fabric, yielding a textile rich in both color and texture. This has implications for how your digital design gets recreated as fabric.

In weaving, the colors in your digital design each get translated into woven structures. The interlacing of warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads, plus the ratio of warps to wefts floating on the surface, create an appearance that approximates the colors in your graphic.

Listed below, are some important questions and answers to keep in mind when considering how your design may translate as woven fabric. 

What kind of translation from graphic to woven can I expect?

  • WOVNS offers color palettes that get translated on the “weave level”, not the “yarn level”. In other words, each color in your graphic gets translated into a woven structure or an interlacing of warp and weft threads (vertical and horizontal threads).
  • The colors chips offered in the WOVNS color palettes are an approximation of the resultant hue and value created from interlacing different combinations of warp and weft. A “grey” color chip, for example, may be the product of mixing a black warp and a white weft.
  • Subsequently, every pixel in your graphic file represents the intersection of one warp (“end” or vertical thread) and one weft (“pick” or horizontal thread), and not just a single warp or a single weft.
  • Weave level translation will have little impact on larger scale graphics. If designing with fine lines (under 4-10 pixels) or if designing on the pixel level however, such translation can impact the visible result, as the location of your pixel(s) could land on a warp end or a weft pick of differing colors.

Does every pixel in my graphic appear in the woven result?

  • Divan quality: Almost, but not all.  The Divan quality has an uneven ratio of warp (vertical) threads to weft (horizontal) threads, that is 177 EPI x 84 PPI. Subsequently, one’s design file is “crunched” or distorted in processing, in order for your motifs to weave at the correct proportions. This crunching process results in some pixel loss, which is not noticeable for larger scale graphics, but can impact designs created with fine lines or designed on the pixel level.
  • Talma quality: Yes. The Talma quality has an even ratio of warp (vertical) threads to weft (horizontal) threads, that is 84 EPI x 84 PPI. Subsequently, no crunching of your file is needed to maintain the proportions of your design, and all pixels are preserved.

 

Color

What are the color constraints when designing for woven fabric?

  • Unlike digital printing where color is virtually un-limited, woven fabric is limited by the number of warp colors and weft colors available for use in a given “fabric construction”. The colors in your woven product are also influenced by the interlacing of warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads, plus the ratio of warps to wefts floating on the surface, as described in the Translation section above.
  • Each fabric quality arrives with a specific “construction”, which not only accounts for the type of weave structures possible, but also the range of colors possible.
  • The Divan and Talma qualities have a construction known as a ” tri-pick construction” on “solid warps”. This means that one’s woven palette is limited to 3 weft colors, plus a range of values (light to dark), as influenced by the solid (black or natural) colored warp.
  • Subsequently, duo-tone or tri-tone designs (2-3 colors, plus a range of values) translate the most successfully on tri-pick constructions.
  • The level of contrast (range of light to dark) within a single design is limited on solid warps, as the range of colors possible will always be influenced by the warp color to some degree.
  • In the future, we will be offering qualities that are best suited for high contrast and multi-colored designs, including photographs.

 

 

Line weights

Which quality do you recommend for fine line weights and / or detailed artwork?

  • Divan quality: The Divan quality has a higher resolution, making it more suitable for finer line weights and / or detailed artwork. That said, some pixel loss occurs in the processing of Divan quality files, and one should plan for such translation accordingly.
  • Talma quality: Nice line work is still possible with the Talma quality, just keep in mind that the resolution is lower than that of the Divan quality.

What is the minimum line weight that you recommend for detailed artwork?

  • This takes some experimentation, as each design is different and results can vary. Given the pixel to woven structure translation, and mild pixel loss for the Divan quality, we do not recommend line weights under 4 -10 pixels wide. If your design uses fine lines and / or has a lot of detail, we recommend running a 1 yard test with different line weights to evaluate the results.

 

Graphics

Does my graphic have to repeat?

  • Divan quality: While your design file does not technically have to be in repeat, keep in mind that for the Divan quality, your design file will be repeated a minimum of 4 times across the width of 54″ goods.
  • Talma quality: Your design does not need to repeat; the Talma quality has full width repeat capability, meaning that your design will not be duplicated across the goods, should you choose for it not to.

Which quality do you recommend for tapestry style, non-repeating art work or graphics?

  • We recommend the Talma quality for tapestry style, non-repeating artwork or graphics, as this quality has full width repeat capability. Such artwork can be centered or engineered to weave any where across the full width goods.

 

Repeats

What repeat options are possible with WOVNS fabric qualities?

  • With Jacquard woven fabric, it is important to understand the distinction between fabric repeats and pattern repeats.
    • Fabric repeats refer to how many times your design file will be duplicated across the width of the finished fabric. As detailed below, the fabric repeat is quality dependent and is a product of how the loom is set up. WOVNS offers qualities with both an engineered fabric repeat, as well as a “tapestry style” option for full width non-repeating artwork.
    • Pattern repeats refer to how you choose to tile your artwork within your design file.
  • Divan quality: fabric will feature your artwork repeated four times across the width of the 54″ wide fabric. When creating a 1 yard high artwork, the file you submit should be 2400 pixels wide x 6372 pixels high (approximately 13.5″ wide x 36″ high) at a resolution of 177 dpi. Your artwork will automatically be duplicated four times to fill the finished fabric width, so you should plan your design accordingly.
  • Talma quality fabric will feature your artwork repeated one time time across the width of the fabric. When creating a 1 yard high artwork, the file you submit should be 3984 pixels wide x 3000 pixels high (approximately 46.5″ wide x 36″ high) at a resolution of 84 dpi. Your artwork will automatically fill up the entire yard of fabric with no repeats. Therefore, if you wish to have a repeating pattern in your fabric, you must create the pattern in the artwork file, since it will not be duplicated across the width of the fabric automatically.

Can I preview how my design will look as finished fabric?

  • Yes, when you upload your design, the WOVNS uploader will show you how your design will repeat before your submit your file.
  • To evaluate the hand and texture of your fabric, we recommend ordering the WOVNS swatch blankets and / or quality samples in advance of submitting your design.

Does the WOVNS uploader have a tiling feature to create a pattern repeat with my artwork?

  • Yes, the new WOVNS uploader offers different tiling options for the creation of your design’s repeating layout.

 

Terms

  • While WOVNS gladly offers advice, we do not provide formal recommendations for design outcomes, nor can we held be responsible for the aesthetic outcome of your design.
  • Ordering the WOVNS swatch blankets and running a 1 yard test of your design is the recommended method for ensuring a successful project outcome.
  • For a complete list of terms, please visit our Terms page.